"The EITC Has Been a Huge Help"
Photo by Flickr user 401(k) 2013
When Alexandria, Va., resident Ayana Edwards first learned that the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and Child Tax Credit (CTC) could be in jeopardy during fiscal cliff negotiations in Congress, she prepared to face chaos.
Edwards, who works in human resources, knew that if those refundable tax
credits were reduced, the employees at her company who count on getting larger
tax refunds thanks to the EITC and CTC would flood her office, hoping she might
know of a way to offset the blow to their finances. She also kept close watch
on the negotiations because she is one of the roughly 27
million Americans who receives the EITC.
“I actually had a sit-down with a tax preparer who told me what the changes would be, and then, because I'm in HR, I’m familiar with any tax changes that could affect my employer and our employees, so I was watching it from both sides,” Edwards says.
The American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012, better known as the deal that helped the country avoid the fiscal cliff, extended current benefit levels for both the EITC and CTC for five years. The extension preserved improvements made to the EITC and CTC over the last decade, including marriage penalty relief and expansion of income thresholds, which allows low-wage workers to count more of their earnings toward the credits. The EITC, which has been shown to encourage work and improve children's school performance, is a powerful tool in helping to lift families out of poverty—it is our nation’s largest anti-poverty program, in fact.
Edwards says the affect the EITC has had on her family has been tremendous.
She once utilized several federal safety net programs, but over the years she
has increased her earnings, through a series of progressively better-paying
jobs. She no longer qualifies for Temporary Assistance for Needy Families
(TANF) or SNAP (formerly food stamps)—EITC is one of the last benefits she
receives. If she continues on her current career trajectory, soon she’ll no
longer qualify for EITC, either. But, as it is now, the tax credit provides her
and her family with a very important hand-up.
“The EITC has been a huge help," Edwards says. "It’s practical and allows me to get money in one lump sum—money that I can use to catch up on bills, or make a major purchase, if I need to. I can get things like coats for the kids, if they’ve outgrown something. I have a larger family, so I’m not always able to replace all of the winter coats that no longer fit all at once. When I get my tax refund, which includes the EITC, that’s something I can do.”
This year, Edwards says she will likely use her EITC money to buy a used
car, since the vehicle she uses for her commute to work, 60 miles round-trip
each day, is old and she's nervous that it may soon break down beyond
repair. Edwards can see how, without the tax credit, she could easily
fall back into the poverty that she has escaped. Without a working
car, how would she get to work? Without a job, how would she pay her rent or
feed her family? She thinks that those who diminish the importance of the
credit, and think it should be reduced or eliminated altogether, just don't
understand it's role in helping millions of families secure food, clothing, and
“The only people who could say something against [EITC] are those who aren't in a position to need it, or don't care about those of us who really do need it," Edwards says.
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