22 posts categorized "Field Focus"
In this next installment of hunger resources, I've gathered a collection of articles on how people suffer from hunger and the overall cost of hunger in a society. Got any hunger resources of your own? Share them in the comments section below.
- On the Brink: Who’s Best Prepared for a Climate and Hunger Crisis? (Casey, Leora and Alex Wijeratna. Actionaid, Oct. 2011):
"Accelerating climate change, growing population and rising food prices pose a triple crisis that could lead to a collapse in global food systems."
- Right to Food and Nutrition Watch 2011. Claiming Human Rights: The Accountability Challenge. (Brot fur die Welt, FIAN and ICCO, Oct. 11, 2011)
"Despite the growth of a worldwide Right to Food movement and the existence of international frameworks and mechanisms to protect human rights, an unacceptable number of violations remain unpunished, according to the Right to Food and Nutrition Watch 2011, an annual publication released today that monitors food security and nutrition policies from a human rights perspective."
- Food Sovereignty: Reclaiming the Global Food System. (Branford, Sue. War on Want, Oct. 2011.)
"The scandal of global hunger stands as a rebuke to humanity. The fact that record numbers of people are classified as hungry, at a time when there is unprecedented wealth in theworld, challenges the very concept of human progress."
- Farmers Facing Loss of Subsidy May Get New One (Neuman, William, New York Times, Oct. 17, 2011)
"It seems a rare act of civic sacrifice: in the name of deficit reduction, lawmakers from both parties are calling for the end of a longstanding agricultural subsidy that puts about $5 billion a year in the pockets of their farmer constituents. Even major farm groups are accepting the move, saying that with farmers poised to reap bumper profits, they must do their part."
- Hunger In America: Suffering We All Pay For (Shepard, Donald S … et al, Center for American Progress & Brandeis University, Oct. 2011)
"The Great Recession and the currently tepid economic recovery swelled the ranks of American households confronting hunger and food insecurity by 30 percent. In 2010 48.8 million Americans lived in food insecure households, meaning they were hungry or faced food insecurity at some point during the year."
- Interactive Map: Costs of Hunger (Cooper, Donna, Center for America Progress, Oct. 4, 2011)
An interactive map on the costs of hunger created by the Center for American Progress.
Chris Matthews is the librarian at Bread for the World Institute.
Four-year-old Aijelene Ferreras, of Takoma Park, MD, is one of thousands of children who receive free and reduced school lunches.
Sen. Richard Lugar (R-IN) has introduced a farm bill proposal that includes harmful cuts and changes to the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly food stamps). This bill could eliminate food assistance to about 1 million low-income people by partially repealing what’s known as “categorical eligibility.” More than 40 states currently use categorical eligibility, an option that allows them to streamline gross income eligibility rules and the financial asset test for SNAP. Repealing this option would negatively impact families with children and could cause about 200,000 children to lose their free school meals. This option also would strip states of their flexibility in administering SNAP, creating further administrative burdens and likely increasing administrative costs and error rates.
With poverty and unemployment reaching record rates, the need for food assistance has never been greater. SNAP is vital to millions of Americans and has helped keep the number of families struggling to put food on the table from increasing for the last three years. The program must not be cut in this way.
Congress has protected SNAP and reduced poverty in every deficit-reduction effort in the past three decades. It is our country’s moral responsibility to ensure that vulnerable children and families don’t go hungry. We must continue to protect this vital program from harmful cuts.
To take action, call 1-800-826-3688 and tell your member of Congress to protect SNAP in any efforts to reduce the deficit and oppose proposals such as the Lugar/Stutzman bill. Furthermore, while poverty and unemployment across the United States has increased, SNAP has helped keep the number of families struggling to put food on the table from increasing for the last three years, and every major deficit-reduction effort in the past three decades has protected SNAP and actually reduced poverty.
Christine Melendez Ashley is a policy analyst at Bread for the World.
When God calls us to “open wide” our hands to the needy and poor in our land (Deuteronomy 15) and pour ourselves out for the hungry (Isaiah 58), God leaves the specifics up to us. We can respond in myriad ways: We can attend rallies, write letters, make calls, and arrange meetings with our legislators. We can give to aid organizations, donate to the food pantry, or volunteer at the local soup kitchen.
We can even take those dictates literally by actually sharing a meal with hungry people. For example, in Cambridge I’ve had the pleasure of befriending Engio, who has a predilection for cheeseburgers; Mike, who likes to eat chicken fried rice with his hands; and Harold, a gourmand who loves to make his own pizza—and who was so aghast at my weekly spam and rice dinners that he once surprised me with a grocery bag full of fresh foods, including fruit, pie, and pre-cooked chicken wings. “Anything but spam, please!” he said. Given his nonexistent income, I didn’t know whether to laugh or to cry.
Yet most of these responses, at least for me, preclude participation from my large and rather diverse network of friends. Few—including myself, I admit—are super excited to give up part of their workday to visit their senators or representative at the local office, for example. Food pantries can accommodate only so many volunteers each evening, and outside of church and campus, there are few natural opportunities to organize an Offering of Letters.
As I celebrated my 26th birthday this year, however, I decided to put another spin on responding biblically to hunger by fusing fun with purpose: I threw a huge party.
At 26, there was surprisingly little on my birthday wish list—AmeriCorps stipend and food stamps notwithstanding—though I admit it helps that God has blessed me with relatively good health and a childlike affinity for low-cost activities, such as kite-flying and playing with the local stray cat, Mr. Tinkles. Besides, I had already managed to procure animal crackers, juice boxes, and even my favorite dessert—pecan pie—for my “Back to Childhood”-themed birthday party.
Instead of asking for presents or cards, I invited my friends to come bearing costumes and a different kind of gift—a letter for their senator or representative advocating for the prioritization and reform of foreign aid. I tracked their gifts on a Google doc I shared with them and, for those who hadn’t had time to write their letters, set up a letter-writing station right next to our face-painting station and our smorgasbord of Yoohoos, Twizzlers, and Junior Scrabble Cheez-its. (I admit that the childhood theme doesn’t make for the healthiest party foods.)
With preprinted letter templates, pens, and paper, all it took was five minutes for my friends to handwrite a letter. In the end, I collected a whopping 30 letters from friends across six different states.
My party took place the day before my actual birthday, and I ended up spending much of my birthday tracking their letters, stuffing envelopes, looking up mailing addresses, and placing adhesive stamps—all over bites of leftover pecan pie, of course.
And in the end, I couldn’t have imagined a more meaningful way to celebrate turning 26.
Ada Wan is a Bread for the World Hunger Justice Leader from Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Text by Dulce Gamboa
Photographs by Laura Elizabeth Pohl
It has been almost 10 years since Marvin Garcia returned to Mexico from the United States. Garcia, 52, is originally from Guatemala but is now a naturalized Mexican citizen. He owns and farms a small parcel of land at Santa Fe, a sustainable community developed by Agros International in Comitan, located in Mexico’s Chiapas state.
Marvin Garcia, 52, worked in the United States without papers several times because of a lack of opportunities and jobs where he lives in Chiapas, Mexico. With the help of Agros, a U.S. nonprofit, Garcia was able to buy land in his hometown when he returned from the United States.
Agros helps poor small-scale farmers buy fertile land with loans that carry a very low interest rate. Borrowers have up to 10 years to repay their loans. Agros also provides technical assistance to help farmers make the land as productive as possible.
Garcia is a resilient man who is partially blind from cataracts. It is too painful for him to open his right eye. Using just one eye is especially hard during harvest season. He said once, “I think that the corn I am scorching is right in front of me, but it’s not.” He was making fun of himself but he was also sad.
He has overcome a lot of obstacles over the years--from fleeing to Mexico as a Guatemalan refugee, to crossing the U.S. border through the deserts of Arizona. And even with one eye, Garcia continues to fight for a better life for his six-member family.
Garcia moved to the United States because of the lack of opportunities and sources of income at home. He wanted to pursue his dream of someday building a house. Between 1998 and 2000, Garcia crossed the U.S.-Mexican border four times. Leaving his family behind was not easy, and he remembers this as a bitter and difficult time.
For years, Garcia tried to buy land in Chiapas, but the federal government repeatedly denied his application. He finally got involved with Agros in 2007, and a year later he obtained his land at Santa Fe. His life was transformed. As he explains, “It’s not the same to rent or borrow land to grow for selling or self-consumption.” After two years of becoming part of the Santa Fe community, Garcia is certain that with hard work, he can make his land productive enough to repay his loan from Agros within the allotted 10 years. He feels very proud of being able to purchase the land, where he grows corn and lime.
Marvin and his son Jesús, 4, eat a breakfast of tortilla and beans before heading to the field for the day.
Garcia worked in Florida, growing and picking tomatoes. For months, he ate nothing but one apple a day so he could save money. He managed to set aside almost an entire year’s salary ($12,000) to build his house. Garcia estimates that earning that much money in Mexico would have taken him seven to eight years, always assuming good harvests. After enduring separation from his family, Garcia now owns a modest house with a latrine.
Garcia harvests corn, mushrooms, coffee and limes among other products.
Garcia does not have plans to migrate to the United States again, because his future in Mexico is now brighter. He has his land to work. Within a few years, he may be able to save the $1,500 he needs for cataract surgery. He is a role model in his community.
For years, Garcia tried to buy land in Chiapas, but the federal government repeatedly denied his application. He finally got involved with Agros in 2007, and a year later he obtained his land at Santa Fe. His life was transformed. As he explains, “It’s not the same to rent or borrow land to grow for selling or self-consumption.”
After two years of becoming part of the Santa Fe community, Garcia is certain that with hard work, he can make his land productive enough to repay his loan from Agros within the allotted 10 years. He feels very proud of being able to purchase the land, where he grows corn and lime.
Garcia’s story shows that investing in Mexico’s rural development is critical to easing pressures to migrate to the United States. Santa Fe is a community of men, women, and children. It is not a village of grandparents taking care of their grandchildren because a whole generation is missing—forced to seek work far from home. Santa Fe is a community with a sense of hope and confidence that residents will be able to pay Agros back for the land where they grow tomatoes, corn, onions, papayas, and more. After decades of lack of opportunities to earn a living, the men in this community no longer think about migrating to the United States. They feel confident about being able to feed their families. Thanks to Agros and its funders, Marvin Garcia and his neighbors have the possibility of development in their own hands.
Garcia, Jesús and their dog Chiquita walk home from the family cornfield.
by Rebecca J. Vander Meulen
LICHINGA, MOZAMBIQUE — Today is the day when people around the world recognize our common daily work (which is—in a country where most families include someone living with HIV—our daily life). It is my eighth World AIDS Day in Mozambique, and I sense that in addition to being older and wiser, we're also all getting a bit tired. We see that, as a country, we've made incredible progress (best encapsulated by the emergence of widespread access to testing and later to treatment).
But our starting point was abysmally low: more than a million people living with HIV, with most not even knowing it. So, despite progress, we still have a really long way to go. The "low-lying fruit" has been picked, and now we're in for a marathon.
Access to testing and treatment is still light-years away from being "universal," but I'd venture a non-statistical guess that most Mozambicans could at least get to a testing site within a day's travel—and could theoretically get treatment just as easily.
Access to treatment, however, assumes the motivation to do an HIV test; money and time for travel; a steady stock of HIV drugs at the level of the health post (which depends on a steady stock of HIV drugs at the district and provincial levels, as well); regular enough immune system monitoring for the person living with HIV to have actually begun treatment (treatment initiation does not normally coincide with a positive test result); thorough enough adherence counseling for the person living with HIV to know and actually believe that taking the ARV medication without fail over a lifetime is critical for drug effectiveness; and enough self-confidence to overcome the shame that still too commonly clings to HIV. Quite a few assumptions.
We celebrate that Amelia, now 12, is healthy enough (after several years on HIV medication) that she's been able to come off additional medications used to prevent opportunistic infections. Her own immune system is doing its job quite well! We celebrate that she's comfortable enough with her HIV status that she comes to have blood work done with a group of friends.
But we mourn that children born to ashamed HIV+ mothers—including one who died in my colleague's arms last month—still do not live to speak their own names.
We celebrate new technology, which allows sophisticated lab analyses to be done using solar power in remote areas.
But we mourn stories that, in some areas, understanding and acceptance of HIV are still so fragile that basic HIV testing kits expire before being used, and that the health posts return their boxes of condoms, unopened and unwanted, to the provincial health department.
We celebrate Raquel, Melinda, Alberta, and India, just a few of many agents of community transformation.
But we mourn the challenges that HIV has brought to each of them. One of them, having cared for several orphaned children for many years, has had to fight against strong protests from her husband to do so. One has lost her husband to death (presumably associated with AIDS), now lives with HIV, and is actively fighting for everyone in her community to get an HIV test. Another has had a marriage destroyed by HIV and related accusations, but now travels from community to community to get mak sure church women know how HIV is transmitted and how it can be prevented.
Many of our 4,000 community volunteers gathered to celebrate and study today. But others—more practically and immediately concerned about having food to eat this year, and compelled by the season's first solid rain last night—opted to spend the day preparing fields for planting.
One of Mozambique's national World AIDS Day mottos this year was "Look to the future. Get a test." We mourn that in many parts of Mozambique, food is still a more tangible preoccupation than HIV.
Thank you for recognizing with us December 1—a New Year's Day of sorts for those of us whose lives are shaped by this little virus.
Things truly are changing. Passo a passo. Step by step.
Rebecca J. Vander Meulen, a former Bread for the World intern, is the HIV and AIDS coordinator for the Anglican Diocese of Niassa in Lichinga, Mozambique.
A few weeks ago, I had an opportunity to listen in on a panel discussion about hunger. The event took place at First United Methodist Church in Pasadena. David Beckmann, Bread’s president, started the evening with his thoughts on how God is moving in our time to end hunger. He was followed by a discussion with prominent faith and justice leaders in the Los Angeles Area. Panelists included: Vanessa Martinez, CLUE Orange County and Micah Challenge; Sarah Nolan, Abundant Table Farm Project and South Central Farmers’ Cooperative; Rev. Pat O’Reilly from the Ecumenical Council of Pasadena Area Churches and Jeremy Seifert, the producer of the film DIVE!
This was an awesome opportunity to hear a wide range of voices on hunger in America. Despite these varied points of view there are some things that have really stuck with me and I think are important to share.
1. This is a time of great liberation. As I mentioned before, David Beckman started the panel by impressing upon us that God is working in our time. That we are living in a time where we can witness freedom from hunger and poverty in the world. I find such hope in this. The state of hunger in the world is bleak at times and it seems like there will never be change. But take heart, because God is working. These are issues that He cares deeply about and He is creating a path for liberation. God is working and we just have to join with God to end hunger.
2. We need to reorder relationships. This was a point that came up multiple times throughout the discussion. We live in a world full of chaos and confusion. Relationships to others and to the world are distorted. We see other people not as partners or equals but rather as objects. There is a lack of concern towards others and the earth. Hunger is not just about access to food but access to good food. Our relationship to creation has been distorted by the ways we produce and consume our food. Large corporations abuse the land and their workers and hurt smaller farmers. In order to end hunger we need to start viewing others like they are a part of our own family. We need to start caring for the earth and about the way we produce food. We need to encourage greater access and make sure everyone is getting what they need.
3. There needs to be a revolution of the heart. This last point I want to highlight touches not only on hunger but on the many issues we face. Ending hunger or poverty or war is going to happen through policy or politics alone. We need to start caring. Our hearts will naturally care only for ourselves. We have very private interests and concerns. In order to break down the problems of the world we need to open our hearts. We need to start caring for everyone and take action even when the outcome won’t always help us. Without this kind of love and dedication to others no amount of petitioning or lobbying is going to help. Having a deep love for others and for God is what change is predicated upon.
Finally, I want to challenge everyone who reads this to think about what their hearts find important and worthy. Is it all about you and your gain? Is there room for others? If you feel like joining this revolution of the heart I want to encourage you to take action. Turn that love into change.
Write a letter or call congress. Get educated on the issues. Pray about the change you want to see. I fully believe what David Beckman said when he told us that we are living in a time of great liberation. I have faith that God is working and that if we join together we’ll all see the benefits of freedom.
To Get Medicaid and Education Aid to States, An Unprecedented Cut to Food Stamps. Congress poised to cut billions from food stamps, resulting in an unprecedented cut in monthly benefits for the poorest Americans. [The Washington Independent]
The Plight of America's New Poor. The economic recovery in the US has stalled and for the 15 million unemployed Americans, the land of opportunity seems anything but. Almost 50% of the unemployed have not had a job for at least six months, double the level of previous downturns. [BBC]
Fighting Generational Poverty in Richmond's Iron Triangle. A new federal program called Promise Neighborhoods has economically disadvantaged communities all over the Bay Area scrambling to be included. This year, the program is giving out $500,000 awards to organizations in neighborhoods around the country that struggle with low educational achievement, violence and other effects of poverty. [KALWNews.org]
Samasource, a Cyber Solution to Global Poverty. Leila Chirayath Janah was well on her way to becoming another cog in the wheels of multinational big business. Then she decided it was wrong to let the world's poor people's massive talent go to waste. [The Daily Maverick]
Niger's Markets are Full Yet Famine Shadows the Dusty Roads. Nearly 12 million people in Niger – about 80% of the population – are now affected by food insecurity, a status that indicates they have as few as 10 days' food supplies remaining with all other income-generating activities exhausted. [The Guardian]
The Brits Have Us Beat on Child Poverty. In the past 10 years, the United States and the United Kingdom have been through a lot of the same economic troubles. But somehow in this past decade, Britain has made major inroads in reducing child poverty while the U.S. has stagnated. [The New America Foundation]
Is Climate Change Creating More Environmental Refugees than War in Africa? Climate change is rapidly emerging as one of the most serious threats that humanity may ever face. The impact of climate change on livelihoods is creating a new kind of casualty: environmental refugees. Rising sea levels, desertification, weather-induced flooding, and frequent natural disasters have become a major cause of population displacement. [ReliefWeb]
Women's Program Launched in Volatile Northern Mali. The Manu River Women Peace Network, a West Africa-wide association that works to improve living conditions for women, is launching a program in Mali's extreme north, where conflict, hunger and drought are affecting hundreds of thousands. [VOA News]
Fighting Poverty and Enhancing Rural Development. Ghana’s fight against poverty to make progress towards the Millennium Development Goals has seen various successive policies introduced to accelerate national development, with a special focus on rural development. [The Chronicle]
Throwaway Fashion Culture Means Poverty for Millions. Today the Bangladesh Ministry of Labour is expected to announce that following months of strikes and demonstrations by garment workers, the minimum wage in an industry that employs 2,500,000 is to be virtually doubled. [Herald Scotland]
Give the Poor Money. Conditional-cash transfers are good. They could be even better. [The Economist]
Visualizing Hunger and Its Impact: Why We Need a Hunger Data Consortium. We need smarter, more collaborative data collection that bypasses organizational silos. [The Huffington Post]
Farmers' Markets, CSAs Struggle To Get Food Stamp Customers. Innovative city programs have increased the number of low-income shoppers getting access to locally grown produce. But technology and upfront costs remain a barrier for many. [City Limits]
As Economy Sinks, Demand for Social Services Soars. For at least a year, economists have said Nevada’s economy was “bouncing along the bottom” instead of still searching for it. [Las Vegas Sun]
African-American Women Struggle to Overcome Wealth Gap. Call it a tale of three women. In the most hard-scrabble parts of South Carolina, Kenya Williams, Natisha Boston, and Germaine Jenkins are all struggling to overcome personal hardship and overwhelming odds. [BBC]
Persistence: Facts and Consequences. Using the PSID, this study
finds that 49 percent of children who are poor at birth go on to spend
at least half their childhoods living in poverty. In addition, children
who are born into poverty and spend multiple years living in poor
families have worse adult outcomes than their counterparts in
higher-income families. [Urban Institute]
[Blog] As Food Prices Rise, How Will Retailers Respond? The reality is that many food prices, due to late plantings, weather conditions and natural disasters, are on the way up. [Supermarket News]
[Blog] Poverty is Destiny. The World Bank estimates that there are more than 1.4 billion people in the world who live below the poverty line of $1.25 per day. It will be interesting to see what happens to children born in poverty: to follow them from womb to tomb, the entire life cycle. [The World Bank Institute]
Rust in the Bread Basket. A crop-killing fungus is spreading out of Africa toward the world’s great wheat-growing areas. [The Economist]
Two Faces of Asia, Ultrarich and Desperately Poor, Hound Economists. Philippine policymakers and other developing-country planners must rewrite their economic plans into what the Asian Development Bank calls “inclusive growth,” or the scaling down of the gap between the rich and the poor. [Business Mirror]
After World Cup Euphoria Fades, South Africa’s Poverty Will Remain. For many citizens, the $5 billion sports extravaganza will generate little more than pride. [The Globe and Mail]
Conservation Can Be a Weapon Against Poverty. The Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve in Mexico shows how local people can be paid for protecting their environment... [The Guardian]
At first glance, you might not think Erin Rath and Chris Ko have a lot in common. Rath is a longtime South Dakota resident who is completing her training as a sign-language interpreter, while Ko lives in Los Angeles and works as a consultant to nonprofit organizations.
But Rath and Ko are members of Bread for the World’s first class of Hunger Justice Leaders (HJL) -- a group of activists in their 20s and early 30s who are committed to making a long-term difference for hungry and poor people.
The two were active on hunger issues before receiving HJL training in 2008. Rath served as the coordinator of her local Bread group in Sioux Falls, SD, and Ko worked for the Los Angeles mayor’s office on asset-building programs for low-income families. They credit HJL training with building their skills and revitalizing their advocacy.
sees her work on hunger as a religious and spiritual obligation. She says that
HJL training gave her strategies for building connections with a wide range of
people. “If they don’t agree with Bread’s position or they’re not well-informed
about the issues,” she says, “I can listen carefully and engage them in
conversation and offer my opinion in a non-threatening way.”
In addition to her work on Bread’s national and international hunger issues, Rath also puts her energy into state issues, such as the repeal of South Dakota’s food tax, which disproportionately affects people struggling to put food on the table. South Dakotans have been working to eliminate the tax for several years.
“This year, for the first time, the bill made it out of committee. It hasn’t passed yet, but just clearing the committee is a very important step,” she says. “From a religious perspective, I know that I have to do my part, and then God is ultimately in control.”
Ko says that he came to the HJL training in search of spiritual revitalization. “I got that, and I also had a great time. I think I’d been getting a bit cynical, and I was pleasantly surprised by how receptive members of Congress were,” he adds.
Since he became a Hunger Justice Leader, Ko has written his first op-eds on hunger and submitted them to newspapers. He is also starting an international community development project to connect Los Angeles with cities in developing countries.
“Our city is really a collection of dozens of neighborhoods, and a lot of them have deep poverty and many of the other problems of cities in developing countries, like lack of transportation,” he says. “So if we can do community development and get it right in L.A., ultimately maybe we can help other cities -- Mumbai, Rio -- address some of these problems.”
Many immigrants who live in L.A. travel back and forth every summer; Ko envisions working with them to help transfer ideas and resources from L.A. to their home communities and vice versa. “I know that when I studied in Ghana, I was struck by how far a dollar will go in some communities. The $20 a month I contribute as an individual is actually helping people,” he says.
Ko and Rath reflect the energy and thoughtfulness of many of Bread’s younger activists. Rath says she is motivated by hearing the stories of experienced advocates. “A lot of them have been active for many years, and they still have compassion and dedication,” she says. She also hopes that her class of Hunger Justice Leaders can collaborate with the 2010 class, which meets for training in Washington, DC, this summer. “We can connect on Facebook and help each other be more effective.”
Ko notes that he visited the Robert Kennedy Memorial while in Washington for HJL training. “I realized that we live in a country that actually builds memorials to our values of justice and compassion. So when I went home, I tried to figure out how to apply this to my life.”
You can learn more about the HJL program from Vanessa Martinez, a Hunger Justice Leader from Santa Ana, CA, on this short video, or apply directly to the program. And if you know someone who would be a perfect Hunger Justice Leader, send them to www.bread.org/bealeader. The deadline is March 12.
Michele Lerner is a writer for Bread for the World.
Get updates on issues and actions to take on behalf of hungry people.