33 posts categorized "Hunger Resources"
In this next installment of hunger resources, I've gathered a collection of articles focusing on international issues and how aid enables global development. Got any hunger resources of your own? Share them in the comments section below:
- The Time is Now for Food Aid Reform: Five Reasons Why U.S. Policies are Ripe for Reform in the Next Farm Bill, (American Jewish World Service): “Recent data indicate that the U.S. remains the world’s largest and most important provider of international food assistance. In FY 2010, the U.S. spent $2.3 billion on food aid programs distributing 2.5 million metric tons of food to 65 million people. Although food aid alone cannot close the world hunger gap—925 million people worldwide experienced hunger in 2010—it still plays a critical role in the lives of tens of millions of individuals and their families.”
- Smallholder Agriculture: A Critical Factor in Poverty Reduction and Food Security in Africa, (Center for Strategic & International Studies): “The majority of the poor and food insecure in Africa live in rural areas, and most of them depend on agriculture for their livelihoods. More than 30 percent of the people in sub-Saharan Africa are chronically hungry and are small farmers. Experts tell us that the population in Africa is expected to double by 2050, and African nations will have to double their food production just to keep pace with population growth. For the last 20 years, however, food production in Africa has lagged behind population growth, and the source of the problem has been low productivity on Africa’s farms.”
- Famine Myths: Five Misunderstandings Related to the 2011 Hunger Crisis in the Horn of Africa, (Dollars & Sense): “The 2011 famine in the Horn of Africa was one of the worst in recent decades in terms of loss of life and human suffering. While the UN has yet to release an official death toll, the British government estimates that between 50,000 and 100,000 people died, most of them children, between April and September of 2011. While Kenya, Ethiopia, and Djibouti were all badly affected, the famine hit hardest in certain (mainly southern) areas of Somalia. This was the worst humanitarian disaster to strike the country since 1991-1992, with roughly a third of the Somali population displaced for some period of time.”
- Food Crops vs. Cotton: How Cheap Fashion is Threatening Food Supply, (Triple Pundit): "There this no doubt that the advent of fast fashion and the rise of cheap, throw-away clothes have put increasing pressure on natural resources. But when fashion starts threatening the global food supply, it takes on great importance.”
- US Aims to Empower World's Women Farmers, (Voice of America): “U.S. aid officials are launching a new way to measure whether their efforts to empower women farmers are working. Women make up nearly half the agricultural workforce in sub-Saharan Africa and East and Southeast Asia, but women’s farm production tends to lag behind their male counterparts.”
- Money or Die: A Watershed Moment for Global Public Health, (Foreign Affairs): “The fight against tuberculosis faces similar problems. As with malaria, successes in controlling tuberculosis are quickly reversed when targeted programs cease -- and here the danger of stop-and-start efforts is even greater -- since interruptions in eradication programs lead directly to the development of drug-resistant bacteria. Thanks to the earlier surge in financing of TB programs, according to the WHO, 200,000 fewer people died annually of the disease in 2009 than in 2003. But about 80 percent of this victory was attributable to Global Fund support, and disbursements plummeted in 2010. While the net number of tuberculosis cases fell, moreover, the burden of multidrug-resistant disease skyrocketed, largely as a result of suboptimal or interrupted treatment. By the end of 2011, according to combined UN agency reports, about 85 percent of highly drug-resistant TB cases were going completely untreated, allowing community spread of the mutant strains.”
- Global Poverty: A fall to cheer, (The Economist): “The past four years have seen the worst economic crisis since the 1930s and the biggest food-price increases since the 1970s. That must surely have swollen the ranks of the poor. Wrong. The best estimates for global poverty come from the World Bank’s Development Research Group, which has just updated from 2005 its figures for those living in absolute poverty (not be confused with the relative measure commonly used in rich countries). The new estimates show that in 2008, the first year of the finance-and-food crisis, both the number and share of the population living on less than $1.25 a day (at 2005 prices, the most commonly accepted poverty line) was falling in every part of the world. This was the first instance of declines across the board since the bank started collecting the figures in 1981 (see chart).”
- Put equality first, (New Internationalist): “Two things you can say about the global financial system today: it’s unstable and unequal. A third thing: the two are deeply connected. Vanessa Baird explains why a fair and sustainable economy matters.”
In this next installment of hunger resources, I've gathered a collection of articles on the Millennium Development Goals, U.S. poverty, Africa, and more. Got any hunger resources of your own? Share them in the comments section below.
- Meditations and Devotions on the Millennium Development Goals, (Faith in Action - UMC).
“[This] 232-page book is a collaboration of some 150 people from around the world addressing the eight MDGs. The eight goals are to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger; achieve universal primary education; promote gender equality and empowerment of women; reduce child mortality; improve maternal health; combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases; ensure environmental sustainability; and develop a global partnership for development.”
- The Americans No One Wants to Talk About, (The Washington Post):
“…Many Americans are being overlooked in this bipartisan conspiracy of economic abstraction. A significant and growing portion of the population lives in poverty. In 2007, the rate was 12.5 percent. By 2010, it was 15.1 percent. The share of Americans in extreme poverty — with an income less than half the poverty line — is the highest in the 35 years that the Census Bureau has kept such records.”
- Improved Nutrition, Agricultural Development Helps Bring Hondurans Out of Poverty and Hunger, (U.S. Department of State):
“As part of the USAID ACCESSO initiative that targets 18,000 poor rural households in Honduras, the Diaz family was given assistance in the form of training, fertilizer, seed, and irrigation that allowed them to grow better and more nutritious food for their family. It also allowed them to produce a surplus that can be sold to generate income. Thanks to this, Mr. Diaz did not need to leave his family in search of work in the city, or abroad.”
- Africa Begins to Rise Above Aid, (IPS News):
“Currently, at least a third of African countries receive aid that is equivalent to less than 10 percent of their tax revenue. They include Algeria, Angola, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and Libya. This is a significant change from years of high dependency on aid.”
- State of the Dream 2012: The Emerging Majority, (United for a Fair Economy):
“A major demographic shift is underway in the United States. According to the 2010 Census, White babies now make up a little less than 50 percent of all babies in the country. By 2030, the majority of U.S. residents under 18 will be youth of color. And by 2042, Blacks, Latinos, Asians, Native Americans, Pacific Islanders, and other non-Whites will collectively comprise the majority of the U.S. population. For the first time since Colonial days, the United States will be a majority-minority country.
- How US Policies Fueled Mexico’s Great Migration, (The Nation):
“Roberto Ortega tried to make a living slaughtering pigs in Veracruz, Mexico. 'In my town, Las Choapas, after I killed a pig, I would cut it up to sell the meat,' he recalls. But in the late 1990s, after the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) opened up Mexican markets to massive pork imports from US companies like Smithfield Foods, Ortega and other small-scale butchers in Mexico were devastated by the drop in prices. 'Whatever I could do to make money, I did,' Ortega explains. 'But I could never make enough for us to survive.' In 1999 he came to the United States, where he again slaughtered pigs for a living. This time, though, he did it as a worker in the world’s largest pork slaughterhouse, in Tar Heel, North Carolina.”
- Leveraging Limited Dollars: How Grantmakers Achieve Tangible Results by Funding Policy and Community Engagement, (National Committee for Responsive Philanthropy):
“This paper will help philanthropic executives and trustees explore three innovative strategies to achieve greater results with their limited grant dollars. It distills findings from more than 400 pages of research amassed over three years as part of the National Committee for Responsive Philanthropy’s Grantmaking for Community Impact Project.
- Food Stamp Benefits too Low for a Healthy Diet, New Study Confirms, (Poverty Insights):
“In 2008, Children’s HealthWatch and partners reported on a unique study aimed at finding out whether food stamp benefits enable low-income families to buy what they need for a healthy diet. Now we’ve got a followup. The answer now, as before is no. And though the follow-up was conducted only in Philadelphia, the findings are generally applicable to other urban areas, including the District of Columbia.”
Our communications team started putting together the materials for this year’s Offering of Letters way back in August, so we’re excited they’re finished and that many of you are starting to use them.
As you know, this year’s Offering of Letters is comprised of an overall campaign and four mini-campaigns. This week, we’re telling you about our overall campaign, including the resources we created to help make this campaign as effective as possible.
The word “Offering” works as a handy mnemonic device for listing these resources – so check them out!
F Frequently asked questions? Here are some general questions and answers.
E Endorsements. Find out what church and denominational leaders are saying about this campaign.
I Inserts for your church bulletin can help your church discuss the issues, write letters, and pray.
N Need more visuals? Our PowerPoint presentation gives an overview of the campaign with photos, pertinent stats, and talking points. All you have to do is advance the slides, but these 10 tips will help you get the most out of this resource. Download the PowerPoint, called “Presenting Bread for the World’s 2012 Offering of Letters.”
G Get back to us! Tell us how your Offering of Letters went with this feedback form. Your comments help us follow up with members of Congress and also measure the campaign’s impact.
There are lots more resources on our website, including posters, an activity, display board images, an order form for ordering supplies, and a sign-in sheet to use at your Offering of Letters. But your regional organizer is your most important resource, so be sure to call or send them an email if you have questions.
Thanks for your important work on this campaign! We need your voice.
Photo by Flickr user Listen Missy!
When was the last time you wrote a letter? Do you remember sitting down to write out your thoughts, folding up the letter, sliding it into an envelope, licking the envelope closed, addressing it to the recipient, sticking a stamp on, and dropping it off in the mail?
Indeed, letter-writing is a lost art these days, but not for thousands of Christians around the country who participate in Bread for the World's annual Offering of Letters.
Each year Bread for the World invites churches and groups across the country to write personal letters and emails to their members of Congress on issues that are important to hungry and poor people. These letters send a powerful message to our country’s political leaders and help us as a nation move closer to our goal of ending hunger.
This year, we need you to raise your voices more than ever.
Bread’s 2012 Offering of Letters is designed to make our advocacy as effective as possible, and our overall campaign focuses on protecting funding for programs for hungry and poor people.
We hope you will join us in asking our representatives to create a circle of protection around vital programs for hungry and poor people in the United States and abroad. But we know that writing a letter can be somewhat intimidating, so throughout this week, we'll be publishing posts on the Bread Blog about how you can write this letter, and how you can get others to write letters along with you. The blog series will feature:
- A compelling video that tells the stories of people who advocate for poor and hungry people;
- How-to resources that teach you to organize a letter-writing event in your community;
- Biblical grounding on how to view these campaigns as people of faith;
- and a lot more!
So, visit the Bread Blog each day to learn something new about the Offering of Letters, and set your pen to paper (or your fingers to your keyboards) and get to writing!
Photo caption: Members of Templo Calvario (Assembly of God church) in Santa Ana, CA, participated in Bread for the World's Offering of Letters and wrote letters to their members of Congress on Sunday, October 16, 2011. Photography and video by Laura Elizabeth Pohl.
Jeannie Choi is associate editor at Bread for the World. Follow her on Twitter @jeanniechoi.
I recently listened in on a conference call with David Beckmann, president of Bread for the World, and others who are knowledgeable about what is happening in Washington. They said that 2011 was a tumultuous year with many hunger programs in peril of major reductions. Millions of vulnerable people in the U.S. and abroad could have been put in great danger. But then David Beckmann said gratefully, “There have been no substantial cuts in the programs we support,” and expressed his gratitude for grassroots letters and phone calls that have bombarded the offices of members of Congress urging for a circle of protection around programs that help poor and hungry people.
I immediately thought of people I knew who had written some of those letters out of their conviction that cutting deficits and balancing budgets on the backs of poor people is unfair and immoral. I had seen the personal words of those letters, knew they were backed by deep concern and prayer, and now knew those words had been effective! I felt enormous gratitude to have had a small part in that impressive result.
Shortly after that conference call, during a coffee hour at St. Michael and All Angels Episcopal Church, I was standing near a young mother whom I had noticed before, when our church conducted our Offering of Letters. I remember she laid down a tiny infant on the table, got a toddler daughter busy doodling on a blank sheet of paper, and sat down to write a letter to Congress. That scene stuck with me, and now I got to talk to her again. She held her little boy, now 8 months old, and her daughter played nearby.
“Oh, hello, you remember us!” she said, and told me that she occasionally visited the Bread for the World website and was especially interested in materials for children. She told me she intended to teach her children about hunger. Then she said almost off-hand, “Oh, and I’ve been writing to Washington and calling, too.” I was stunned. I did not expect that the message had gotten so deep into her soul. I thought about how I’d love to introduce her to David Beckmann and say, “Here’s one very good reason those program cuts didn’t happen.”
David Beckmann and the others who led that conference call made very clear that the battles are far from over. The electoral politics of 2012 will keep poverty-focused foreign assistance and domestic hunger-relief programs in limbo. Sustaining a circle of protection must continue. Bread for the World’s 2012 Offering of Letters calls for four unique emphases during 2012, beginning with the upcoming farm bill, but continuously, in the background, the emphasis will be on the circle of protection.
Some of you reading this blog post may still be considering joining this effort. I assure you it continues to be vitally important—and it’s truly rewarding. I hope you will promote an Offering of Letters at your church or in any caring group you are part of.
+Find out how you can organize an Offering of Letters at your church. Find resources, stories, videos, and more at www.bread.org/OL.
Jim Anderson is a Bread activist in Portland, OR, and retired pastor of the Evangelical Covenant Church. Soon, he will travel to Tanzania to see first-hand the benefits of a circle of protection around poverty-focused development assistance.
Photo caption: A member at Templo Calvario (Assembly of God church) in Santa Ana, CA, writes a letter to Congress as part of Bread for the World's Offering of Letters on Sunday, October 16, 2011. Photograph by Laura Elizabeth Pohl
Posted by Bread on February 01, 2012 in 2012 Offering of Letters, Advocacy, Bible on Hunger, Global Hunger, Hunger and the U.S. Budget, Hunger in the News, Hunger Resources, Maternal and Child Nutrition, Poverty, SNAP, Social Justice, Solutions to U.S. Poverty, Tax Credits, U.S. Hunger / Comments (0) / TrackBack (0)
Amelia Kegan, senior policy analyst at Bread for the World, attended a panel discussion with Spotlight on Poverty and Opportunity to discuss how poverty and hunger will affect teh conversations in the upcoming elections.
In an interview, Kegan emphasized that poverty is not a partisan issue:
Poverty really has to be an issue that politicians take seriously and really address. Hopefully we can see that Americans really value and are going to [be] considering and listening for the candidates to address [poverty] through the 2012 elections. In today’s political climate, everything is often times so partisan and so polarizing. As we saw from the panelists today, [poverty] really is an issue that everyone can get behind and everyone should be able to support.
Watch her video interviews with the Spotlight on Poverty and Opportunity below and read her reflection on study findings that say 88 percent of surveyed voters said a presidential candidate’s position on poverty is important in deciding their vote, and nearly half (45 percent) said the issue is "very important."
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), formerly known as the Food Stamp Program, is in the news these days because of comments made by some Republican presidential candidates. Below are five things you probably don’t know about the program.
- A large and growing share of SNAP households are working households(see chart). In 2010, more than three times as many SNAP households worked as relied solely on welfare benefits for their income.
The share of SNAP households with earnings has continued growing in the past few years — albeit at a slower pace — despite the large increase in unemployment.
One reason why SNAP is serving more working families is that, for a growing share of the nation’s workers, having a job has not been enough to keep them out of poverty.
- SNAP responded quickly and effectively to the recession. SNAP spending rose considerably when the recession hit. That’s precisely what SNAP was designed to do: respond quickly to help more low-income families during economic downturns as poverty rises, unemployment mounts, and more people need assistance. In 2010, for example, SNAP kept more than 5 million people out of poverty and lessened the severity of poverty for millions of others, under a poverty measure that counts SNAP benefits as income.
Economists consider SNAP one of the most effective forms of economic stimulus, so SNAP’s quick response to the recession — as well as a temporary benefit increase enacted in the 2009 Recovery Act — helped the broader economy. The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) rated an increase in SNAP benefits as one of the two most cost-effective of all spending and tax options it examined for boosting growth and jobs in a weak economy.
Converting SNAP to a block grant, as some have proposed, would largely destroy its ability to respond to rising need during future recessions, forcing states to cut benefits or create waiting lists for needy families.
- Today’s large SNAP caseloads mostly reflect the extraordinarily deep and prolonged recession and the weak recovery. Long-term unemployment hit record levels in 2010 and has remained extremely high. Today, 43 percent of all unemployed workers have been out of work for more than half a year; the previous post-World War II high was 26 percent in 1983.
Workers who are unemployed for a long time are more likely to deplete their assets, exhaust unemployment insurance, and turn to SNAP for help, since it is one of the few safety net programs available for many long-term unemployed workers. In most states, other programs — such as cash assistance under theTemporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and state General Assistanceprograms — haven’t responded effectively to rising need during the recession.
More than one in five workers who had been unemployed for over six months received SNAP in 2010, according to Congress’s Joint Economic Committee.
- SNAP has one of the most rigorous quality control systems of any public benefit program. Each year states pull a representative sample (totaling about 50,000 cases nationally) and thoroughly review the accuracy of their eligibility and benefit decisions. Federal officials re-review a subsample of the cases to ensure accuracy in the error rates. States are subject to fiscal penalties if their error rates are persistently higher than the national average.
In 2010, only 3 percent of payments went to ineligible households or to eligible households but in excessive amounts. Payment accuracy has continued to improve in the past few years, despite the large increase in SNAP enrollment.
- SNAP’s recent growth is temporary. CBO predicts that SNAP spending will fall as a share of the economy as the economy recovers and the Recovery Act benefit increases expire (see chart). By 2021, SNAP is expected to return nearly to pre-recession levels as a share of the economy.
Over the long term, SNAP is not growing faster than the economy. So, it is not contributing to the nation’s long-term fiscal problems.
Stacy Dean is vice president for food assistance policy at the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. This blog post originally appeared on the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities' blog, Off the Charts (www.offthechartsblog.org).
Photo by Flickr user Southern Foodways Alliance
Many folks don’t know that recipients of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly food stamps) can use their benefits to purchase seeds and plant gardens at home. And while this can take some time and effort, the benefits far outweigh the cost, says Holly Hirschberg, founder of The Dinner Garden in San Antonio, TX, which sends people packets of seeds for free. Begun in 2008 at the height of the recession, The Dinner Garden receives thousands of requests for seeds daily from people all over the country who are struggling to make ends meet and feed their families. I spoke with Hirschberg last week to learn more about the inspiration and day-to-day operations of the Dinner Garden.
How did you start Dinner Garden?
I started the dinner garden in 2008 during the beginning of the recession. My husband lost his job and the first thing I did was plant a garden for my family. I thought that’s one last thing I’d have to worry about.
During this time, I learned that there are so many people who needed food. People who would donate food to food banks now needed the food instead of being a donor. Gas prices were $5 a gallon and people didn’t have gas money to get to the food bank, even if there was food available.
So I thought I would send seeds directly to someone’s house and they wouldn’t need gas money to pick them up and they could have a little more control about how they fed their family and take care of their family in a way that brought dignity and honor.
Where do you get funding for the Dinner Garden?
We started in the summer 2008 and started giving out seeds by January 2009. I told people about my idea and asked for donations from my friends. We bought some seeds and we had some postage money. I knew people in Michigan were having trouble so I put an ad in Craigslist asking people if they wanted any seeds. I had to take it down after a half hour because we had gotten 80 requests.
The requests were so heartfelt -- people were saying, “We’re desperate. There’s no work in Michigan.”
We sent out seeds until we ran out of postage.
What kinds of seeds to you send to your recipients?
We send out between 10 and 12 varieties. We include things that people recognize, such as cucumbers, tomatoes, and then we throw in stuff people haven’t seen before. We try to make people into lifelong gardeners, and we are also trying to help people expand their diet and be healthier, and that comes from being exposed to new things.
How did you find out that SNAP recipients can use their benefits to purchase seeds?
It seemed like a lot of our clients were on food stamps, so we thought it would be great to let people know and we have the means to get that information to the people who are going to use it.
And while working people might think they don’t have time to garden, I believe gardening has evolved with a lot of innovation that don’t require you to do what you used to have to do. Seeds are going to grow. Put them in the ground at the right time with sun, water, and soil and they are going to grow.
Yesterday, the Congregational United Church of Christ in Iowa City, IA launched a seven-part educational series on hunger that is free and open to their community. While seven sessions seems like a long series, each addresses a different aspect of hunger – from how to access healthy and sustainably produced food to the local face of hunger – and provides attendees with a full picture of the complex and interrelated causes and effects of hunger and food insecurity in our nation and around the world. I spoke with Donna Hirst, the chair of the mission board of the Congregational United Church of Christ, about the series and what she’s seeing on the ground in Iowa City.
Jeannie Choi: What was the inspiration for your church’s seven-part series on hunger issues?
Donna Hirst: The mission board of our church has four responsibilities: finances, advocacy, education, and direct service. In the past we have often done a major speaker series; for example, one year we had five or six speakers on health care reform.
It was unanimous that this year we do a series on hunger, and it was also the first year that we attempted a seven-part series, which is pretty ambitious for our church group. But I am just delighted that it’s falling together so well. We had our first event Sunday and we saw a film called “Silent Killer: The Unfinished Campaign Against Hunger.” We had about 40 people, which is great considering it’s an interim, and none of the students are in town. (Iowa City is home to the University of Iowa.) I was really pleased with the turnout and we’ve got now six more sessions.
I was most interested in the session with a local farmer. Tell me a little bit about this session.
Dana Foster is a farmer for Scattergood Friends, which provides food for school kids and teaches kids about farming and sustainable farming practices. And so she’s not only a very committed farmer in that sense -- raising food for the school -- but she’s also a farmer teaching about the land and growing.
What signs of hunger or food insecurity do you see in your community?
We have a very large crisis center and food pantry and have served not just the Iowa City area, but Johnson County with organized food distribution programs. It seems like for the last 10 years, every year there’s more and more people in need of food assistance, and they get lots of extra food at Thanksgiving and then they’re out of food by the first of December! And then they get extra food at Christmas, but sustaining that over the course of the year is really challenging, and this is in a community that’s relatively stable economically.
What is your goal with this series? What do you hope participants will take away?
The focus of this seven-part series is education, but by the time we get to the last session on Feb. 19, we will have eight people who are going to talk about their local agencies, what they do to alleviate hunger in the region, and how they utilize volunteers. When the series is over, our congregation is going to have another session where we sign people up to volunteer. Our hope is that people would really want to continue volunteering and that they would work that into their regular schedule.
Why is fighting hunger important for you, personally?
I think that I grow spiritually when I can connect with people of all types, all situations, all ages, and that connectedness fills up my soul. I need these connections to be complete and healthy.
It’s very painful to have an interaction with someone who you can tell is suffering for whatever reason, but some kinds of suffering an individual can’t do too much to alleviate. When somebody you know has just had a divorce, you can be moral support, but you can’t change their situation. But if someone doesn’t have enough food, you can give them food, and I think that’s part of why I really want to be very active in our church mission program. The hunger series is just an excellent example of working toward that.
In this next installment of hunger resources, I've gathered a collection of articles on how U.S. farming is changing, and several updates on development campaigns such as the Half-in-Ten campaign and the Millennium Development Goals. Got any hunger resources of your own? Share them in the comments section below.
- The Changing Organization of U.S. Farming. (Donoghue, Erik…et al. USDA/ERS, Dec. 2011): "Future innovations will be necessary to maintain, or boost, current productivity gains in order to meet the growing global demands that will be placed upon U.S. agriculture."
- Achieving the Right to Food: From Global Governance to National Implementation. (deSchutter, Olivier. UN Committee on World Food Security, Oct. 2011): "What he meant is that unless we take seriously our duties towards the most vulnerable, and the essential role of legal entitlements in ensuring that the poor have either the resources required to produce enough food for themselves or a purchasing power sufficient to procure food from the market, our efforts at increasing production shall change little to their situation."
- Cutting Poverty in Half in 10 Years: Tools for Action. (Half in Ten, Nov. 2011): "The Half in Ten campaign’s goal of cutting the U.S. poverty rate in half over the next decade goes beyond a simple examination of the number of people who fall below the official poverty level. The campaign recognizes that well-being is multidimensional and that moving above the official poverty line does not necessarily signal an end to deprivation."
- The Big Handout: How Government Subsidies and Corporate Welfare Corrupt the World We Live In and Wreak Havoc On Our Food Bills, by Kostigen, Thomas M. (Rodale, 2011).
- FWD: Famine, War, and Drought. (USAID): "Famine, war, and drought are threatening millions of lives in the Horn of Africa and the world should be talking about it. Do more than donate. FWD the facts."
- More Money or More Development: What Have the MDGs Achieved? (Kenny, Charles and Andy Sumner, Center for Global Development): "What have the MDGs achieved? And what might their achievements mean for any second generation of MDGs or MDGs 2.0? We argue that the MDGs may have played a role in increasing aid and that development policies beyond aid quantity have seen some limited improvement in rich countries (the evidence on policy change in poor countries is weaker)."