I admire some people because they do one thing really well. Then there are people like Sister Christine Vladimiroff, OSB, who died last week after a remarkable life marked by versatility, impact, and faithfulness in many arenas. Sister Christine made the passionate struggle against hunger a central part of her vocational life.
Early in her career, Sister Christine taught and oversaw the Cleveland area’s Catholic schools. Years later she told a Bread for the World audience about one of her teachers who noticed that a student was listless in class. “What did you have to eat at home this morning?” the teacher asked. “Nothing,” the student said, “it wasn’t my turn.” As a parent, I grieved that this student’s family faced such tragic choices, and I realized even more the critical importance of school breakfast programs.
Sister Christine served as a member and later chair of Bread for the World’s board. She also spent eight years leading Second Harvest (now Feeding America), making that national network of food banks stronger and more advocacy-oriented. That business experience, along with her deep understanding of Christian faith as a grounding for justice and activism, made her ideal for leadership on Bread’s board.
But my richest connection with Sister Christine came during and after her time as prioress of the Benedictine Sisters of Erie, PA, as I served as Bread’s organizer for Pennsylvania. She and the other sisters at Mount St. Benedict were reliable and forceful in their activism and witness on many peace and justice issues, including Bread’s hunger concerns. As prioress, she bravely faced controversy when the Vatican ordered her to prohibit another Erie Benedictine sister, Joan Chittister, from speaking abroad at a conference about women’s ordination. Sister Christine took time to consult many people and wrestled with her decision, ultimately refusing to follow the Vatican’s request, citing her authority as a religious order leader to guide Sister Joan in seeking her own decision. For me, this was a lesson in integrity of the process Sister Christine used—thoughtful, prayerful, respectful of all, focused, determined. That reminds me of Bread for the World’s way of doing advocacy.
A decade ago, when I recruited writers from our movement for Hunger for the Word, Bread’s three volumes of lectionary reflections on food and justice, there was no question that Sister Christine’s voice had to be there. Her clear, strong writing made Year B’s book shine.
My final time with Sister Christine in Erie was in a Benedictine community gathering for prayer several years ago. I think it’s fitting that, as people of action against hunger, what she and I shared in that parting moment was the worship of a God who wants hunger to end, and who gives each of us all we need to make it happen. Thanks be to God for her faithful witness!
Larry Hollar is senior regional organizer at Bread for the World.
Hunger pains: U.S. food program struggles to move forward, by a Medill-USA Today Investigation, USA Today. “After more than 60 years of feeding the world's hungry overseas, the U.S. Agency for International Development is scrambling to overhaul the world's largest government food assistance program.”
UN Says There's Unprecedented Demand for Food Aid, by Edith M. Lederer, Associated Press. “The World Food Program's top official said it's unprecedented that the U.N. aid agency finds itself simultaneously responding to half a dozen major crises in addition to helping the largest number of refugees in the world since World War II.”
Past Time to Solve Hunger in America, by Bob Aiken, Ellie Hollander, Tom Nelson and Lisa Marsh Ryerson, The Hill. “Hunger in America is a solvable problem. In the richest, most agriculturally-productive nation on earth, it should stand as a point of national shame that we have any households struggling to put food on the table at all.”
Activists and Scholars Respond to the New Poverty Data, Moyers and Company. “What is most frustrating, tragic, infuriating — pick your adjective — about this status quo that wastes so much human potential, is the fact that we know the kinds of policies and actions that would not only reduce poverty, but reduce it dramatically.”
Many UN development goals still far off target, experts say, by Peter Moskowitz. Al-Jazeera America. “Adding to concerns about the targets is the fact that in a postrecession world, the amount of aid given to many of the world’s poorest countries is falling.”
Counting the Hungry, by Martín Caparrós, The New York Times. “It is very hard to calculate with precision how many men and women do not eat enough. Most live in countries where weak states are incapable of accounting for all their citizens, and the international organizations that try to come up with head counts must use statistical calculations instead of detailed census reporting.”
Echmiadzin Cathedral in Armenia. Photo by Shaun Dunphy from Wikimedia Commons
This is a weekly prayer series that appears each Friday on the Bread Blog.
One aspect of Bread for the World’s new Bread Rising campaign is prayer. The campaign is asking Bread members to pray, act, and give. In this blog series, we will be providing a prayer for a different group of countries each week and their efforts to end hunger.
This prayer series will follow the Ecumenical Prayer Cycle, a list compiled by the World Council of Churches that enables Christians around the world to journey in prayer through every region of the world, affirming our solidarity with Christians all over the world, brothers and sisters living in diverse situations, experiencing their challenges and sharing their gifts.
We will especially be lifting up in prayer the challenges related to hunger and poverty that the people of each week’s countries face. In prayer, God’s story and our own story connect—and we and the world are transformed. In a prayer common to all of us—the Lord’s Prayer/the Our Father—we pray, “Give us this day our daily bread.” This line from this prayer can also be a prayer for the end of hunger.
We invite you to join Bread in our prayers for the world’s countries to end hunger. And we encourage you to share with us your prayers for the featured countries of the week or for the end of hunger in general.
For the week of September 28-October 4, we pray for: Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia
God of places near and far, known and unknown to us: We give you thanks for the peoples of these countries and their gifts to the region and world. Thank you for sustaining Christians and churches in these places during the decades of communist domination and oppression. We pray for renewal of their faith and that they may be light and salt in their countries. We also lift up people in these countries who live with unemployment and in hunger and poverty. Empower their societies to ensure that everyone has enough to eat and live an abundant life. We pray this in the name of your son, our savior, Jesus Christ. Amen.
Percentage of the population of these countries living below the national poverty line (2014 figures):
Source: World Bank World Development Indicators as found in the upcoming 2015 Hunger Report
by Beth Ann Saracco
Last week, Congress got to hear about the importance of nutrition by our country’s top development official, Dr. Rajiv Shah, USAID Administrator. It was a standing-room only crowd.
At the center of his remarks was the new USAID Multi-Sectorial Nutrition Strategy, launched in May. It seeks to support U.S. commitments made as part of the Global Nutrition for Growth Compact, which was agreed to at last year’s Nutrition for Growth Summit. At the summit, the U.S. government agreed to prevent at least 20 million children from being stunted and to save at least 1.7 million lives by 2020.
Although the government has made nutrition a higher priority in global development assistance boosted funding in the FY 2014 federal budget, it is not enough. If we are to reach our commitments on time, we must further accelerate the rate of progress, said Dr. Shah.
Members of both the House and Senate subsequently introduced legislation last week to authorize the Feed the Future Initiative. Feed the Future is an on-going $1 billion-a-year program that boosts agricultural development and addresses malnutrition in 20 of the world’s poorest countries. In the House of Representatives, the bipartisan bill, H.R. 5656, was introduced by Republican Rep. Christopher H. Smith (NJ) and Democrat Rep. Betty McCollum (MN). Senate bill S. 2909 is cosponsored by Democrats Bob Casey (PA) and Chris Coons (DE), and Republicans Mike Johanns (NE), Johnny Isakson (GA), and John Boozman (AR)
Feed the Future grew out of the 2009 G8 Summit, when President Obama called on world leaders to reverse a three-decade decline in agriculture investment. It has been funded by Congress through annual appropriations in the State Department’s budget, but without official authorization. The House and Senate bills would permanently codify and authorize this program, building upon the progress already made by developing a whole-of-government strategy that supports country ownership, nutrition, and food security.
Since 2009, Bread for the World has been advocating for the authorization of Feed the Future. If passed, these bills will help to improve the livelihoods of the more than 500 million smallholder farmers in the world, many of whom are women. The program is essential in reducing the number of children under 5 who die annually, currently at 3.1 million.
We urge Congress to pass Feed the Future legislation before the end of the year. A permanent program like Feed the Future will help move us to end hunger around the world within our lifetime. Please contact your representative and senators today and ask them to cosponsor H.R. 5656 and S. 2909.
Beth Ann Saracco is international policy analyst at Bread for the World.
More than 100 world leaders are meeting in New York this week at the UN Climate Summit, invited by UN Secretary Ban Ki-moon, to “galvanize and catalyze climate action.” As the summit website notes, “Climate change is not a far-off problem. It is happening now and is having very real consequences on people’s lives.”
It also disproportionately affects poor countries and poor people. As Bread for the World has previously said, “The challenge of climate change will either move the world forward toward a more sustainable future, or drive a wedge between rich and poor and usher in generations of troubled global relations.”
While addressing the summit on Tuesday, the Director-General of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) José Graziano da Silva pointedly noted the connection between climate change and hunger and said food security must lie at the heart of any efforts taken.
Referencing the UN report on world hunger released last week,The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2014, Graziano da Silva said, "We cannot call development sustainable while hunger still robs over 800 million people of the opportunity to lead a decent life.”
He also noted that climate change also affects food’s availability to hungry people, as the planet currently produces enough food to feel all, and yet that is not happening.
"Producing enough food for all is a necessary, but not a sufficient condition for food security. People are not hungry because food is not available, but because they do not have access to it."
Graziano da Silva added, "We are ready to work with you to successfully address the impacts of climate change on food security. This is a necessary step to the hunger free world and sustainable future we want."
This is an important moment to galvanize attention and advocacy around the issue of climate change. On Sunday before the summit began, more than 300,000 people marched in New York City to express their concern about the matter, and to insist that the world’s leaders do their part to take responsibility and address the causes and effects of climate change.
Bread for the World has further resources on the connection between hunger and climate change found here.
Last week, Republican and Democratic members of the House and Senate introduced legislation to authorize the Feed the Future Initiative. This is a step on the road to victory for our 2014 Offering of Letters on food aid reform. Since 2008, Bread has been one of the key players in Feed the Future’s development. Stay tuned for further developments!
On Oct. 19 or other weekends this fall, thousands of churches around the country will celebrate Bread for the World Sunday. From small outposts in Alaska to gothic sanctuaries in Manhattan, worshippers will be invited to turn their faith into action in support of measures that help end hunger in the United States and abroad.
In previous years, churches have engaged in an impressive range of activities. Puppet shows have been created, special sermons delivered, and educational hours devoted to hearing from those on the frontlines of hunger. For some, bread baking has been a theme–for use during the Eucharist and for bake sales after worship.
Many churches have a special offering or collection, often dividing the funds between Bread for the World and their denomination’s hunger program. Some churches conduct an Offering of Letters for the first time in the year or as a complement to their spring letter-writing event.
Most churches will distribute bulletin inserts provided by Bread for the World. These inserts include a brief prayer and give interested individuals the opportunity to sign up to receive email messages that will support ongoing prayers for the end of hunger.
A special four-page guide is also available to aid planning a Bread for the World Sunday observance. The guide focuses on Scripture study and prayer as key components of nurturing a faith that works to end of hunger. Rev. Dr. Barbara Rossing, professor of New Testament at the Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago, has written a commentary on Matthew 22:15-22, the Gospel appointed in the Common Lectionary for Oct. 19. Her reflection, titled “Even Taxes Belong to God,” will be useful for preachers and Bible studies.
Commenting on Matthew 22, Rossing states, “Inspired by Jesus’ wit and courage in speaking truth to power, we can join our voices with thousands of others. Speaking together, we can keep the pressure on those we have elected to enact just food policies and laws.”
Jack Jezreel, the founder of JustFaith Ministries, has prepared a new litany or responsive prayer that many congregations will use during worship. Among the petitions is the prayer that we “not be satisfied until all people can pray with gratitude for daily bread.”
For the first time this year, a lectionary study for Bread Sunday has been written in Spanish by Rev. Magdalena I. Garcia of Ravenswood Presbyterian Church, Chicago. Javier Bustamante of the Catholic Diocese of Metuchen, N.J., has prepared a Spanish-language litany. A Spanish translation of the Bread Sunday bulletin insert is available at www.bread/domingo.
All of the English-language resources can be viewed and downloaded free at www.bread.org/sunday. Bulletin inserts and offering envelopes may be ordered free of charge online or by phoning 800-822-7323, ext. 1072.
Rev. David Beckmann, president of Bread for the World, told radio host Tavis Smiley that he feels hopeful.
Encouraged by a recent trend with both political parties addressing poverty in public speeches and decreasing poverty rates, Beckman says a post-recession America is the perfect time to make ending hunger a top priority for lawmakers.
Poverty decreased slightly—by 0.5 percent—last year, according to data released last week by the U.S. Census Bureau. It is the first time a decrease has been seen since 2006. The bureau announced that 14.5 percent of Americans lived in poverty in 2013. Additionally, child poverty declined for the first time since 2000, from 21.8 percent to 19.9 percent.
“It’s just a start, but it is a change in the right direction,” said Beckmann.
Beckmann made these remarks in an interview on Public Radio International’s “The Tavis Smiley Show” last week.
Beckmann said reduced poverty rates are a result of more Americans returning to the labor market. Food insecurity continues to remain high in the United States – a reality Beckmann sees as unnecessary. He said there are two critical factors in reducing poverty: Economic growth and focused efforts. The United States is lacking a focused effort.
“The last president who made poverty one of his top priorities was Lyndon Johnson,” says Beckmann. The Johnson administration and Congress worked together to cut poverty nearly in half from the mid-1960s through the 1970s.
To build a sustained political commitment that will reduce poverty in the United States, Beckmann emphasizes the importance of making hunger an election issue. Voters must pressure leaders to move from speeches to passing legislation that will end hunger. The elections provide an opportunity to reach out directly to lawmakers.
“We’ve got to elect people to Congress who are going to agree to work together and focus on opportunity for everybody,” said Beckmann.
Smiley is already looking ahead to the next set of elections - the 2016 presidential elections. He said that he recently called for a debate exclusively on income inequality and poverty – something he has never seen in his lifetime.
“I second the motion,” said Beckmann. “Usually in the presidential debates they never ask a question about the bottom 40-50 percent of the country.”
Listen to Beckmann’s interview on the “The Tavis Smiley Show” podcast here.
Robin Stephenson is the national lead for social media at Bread for the World and a senior regional organizer.
A regular, non-comprehensive roundup of current news links on hunger and poverty issues from around the Web.
“Living On The Line: The Benefits Cliff,” by Amanda Peacher, Oregon Public Broadcasting. “This is the third in a series of stories about Oregon’s “working poor,” people who are employed but still struggling to pay the bills. In this installment, we look at people living in poverty who find jobs and begin to earn a wage, but then face another challenge: the benefits cliff.”
“World Making Progress Against Hunger, Report Finds, but Large Pockets of Undernourished Persist,” by Daniel Stone, National Geographic. “Global access to food is improving overall, according to a report by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization released Tuesday, yet challenges in the developing world—from poor infrastructure and political instability to erratic weather and long-term changes in climate—are keeping 805 million people from having enough to eat.”
“Combating climate change can be economically beneficial,” by Bob Ward, The Hill. “A major international report published last week could be a game changer in the fierce political debate about climate change in the United States.”
“Despite Declines, Child Mortality and Hunger Persist in Developing Nations, U.N. Reports,” by Rick Gladstone and Somini Sengupta, The New York Times. “The United Nations on Tuesday reported significant declines in the rates of child mortality and hunger, but said those two scourges of the developing world stubbornly persist in parts of Africa and South Asia despite major health care advances and sharply higher global food production.”
“An essential guide to the midterm elections,” by John Harwood, CNBC. “Congress has done all that it will, which isn't much, before November's elections. Which means the venue for America's permanent partisan war for now shifts exclusively to the campaign trail.”
“New data shows Americans' incomes still stagnant after recession,” by Jason Lange, Reuters. “In what has become a recurring theme in America's long slog back from the 2007-09 recession, most U.S. households again saw no noticeable increase in their income last year.”
With little fanfare, Congress passed a continuing resolution this week to extend funding for the government through mid-December. Lawmakers now head home to campaign for midterm elections, leaving a pile of unfinished business in Washington, D.C.
Congress will not return to the capital until November 12. Bread for the World urges advocates to use the flurry of campaign activity as an opportunity to make hunger an elections issue.
“The more advocates lift up hunger as an election issue, the more Congress will act on legislation that can end hunger by 2030,” says Amelia Kegan, deputy director of Bread for the World’s government relations department.
The funding extension passed before Congress left on recess was modified to include additional funding to arm Syrian rebels, but did not include dollars to address the poverty that is driving children to flee Latin America—primarily Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras—into the United States. Lawmakers did include instructions allowing certain federal agencies to spend at higher rates to address the surge of child refugees at the border.
Congress also returns home as the World Food Program (WFP) warns of unprecedented global food emergencies and dwindling resources. WFP will cut food rations to four million Syrian refugees by 40 percent in October because of shortages. Central African Republic, South Sudan, Syria, and Iraq have all been designated as level-three (the highest) humanitarian crises by WFP, straining the food aid system.
As the world’s largest donor of food aid, the United States can free up even more food resources by increasing efficiencies without raising taxes. A bill in the Senate, The Food for Peace Reform Act (S. 2421), addresses reform, and we are urging senators to cosponsor the bill.
On the heels of the news that 45.3 million Americans live below the poverty line, Congress must address a jobs agenda that includes work that pays a living wage. Tax credits that help end hunger are also expiring before the end of the year.
One bright spot is that the passage of the continuing resolution yesterday to fund the government allows us to avoid a partisan showdown like we experienced last fall that shut the federal government down for more than two weeks. However, Congress left a lot of work undone.
“These are big issues they are leaving on the table, “says Kegan. “When lawmakers return, they need to address all these issues in budget decisions by December 11.”
Kegan stresses that advocacy efforts right now will reverberate long past December. She says the elections work will play a big role in ending hunger during the 2015 session if candidates hear from voters. “ The elections,” she says, “will set the tone for next year when Congress begins work on the 2016 budget.”
The national trends both globally and domestically have been very positive. World hunger declined in 2014, and a report from UNICEF released yesterday says that child deaths have been cut in half since 1990. As the U.S. economy rebounds, more people are returning to the labor market, and poverty rates here at home have decreased slightly, by 0.5 percent, for the first time since 2006.
Now is not the time to let up on hunger. Engage the candidates and help make hunger history.
Robin Stephenson is the national lead for social media and a senior regional organizer
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